What to Put in the Bottom of a Budgie Cage: A Complete Guide

Budgies are delightful pets that can bring joy and happiness to any household. However, keeping their cage clean and comfortable is crucial to their overall health and well-being. The bottom of a budgie cage should be lined with appropriate materials that provide comfort, absorb moisture, and promote good hygiene. In this article, we will discuss the different materials that can be used for the bottom of a budgie cage and how to keep it clean and healthy.

Why is the Bottom of a Budgie Cage Important?

The bottom of a budgie cage is where your bird spends most of its time. This is where they eat, drink, play, and relieve themselves. As a result, the bottom of the cage can become soiled with droppings, food debris, and feathers. A dirty cage can lead to health problems for your budgie, such as respiratory infections, fungal growth, and bacterial infections. Therefore, it is essential to keep the bottom of the cage clean and comfortable for your bird.

Materials to Use in the Bottom of a Budgie Cage

The following materials are suitable for lining the bottom of a budgie cage:

Newspaper or Paper Towels

Newspapers or paper towels are affordable and readily available materials that can be used to line the bottom of a budgie cage. They are easy to replace, and they absorb moisture well, making them ideal for keeping the cage clean and dry. However, it is important to ensure that the ink used in the newspaper is non-toxic and does not contain lead.

Cage Liners

Cage liners are specially designed papers or fabrics that can be placed at the bottom of the cage. They are made of safe and absorbent materials that are easy to clean and maintain. Some examples of cage liners are birdcage paper, plain white paper, and unprinted newsprint. Cage liners are available in pet stores, and they come in various sizes to fit different cage types.


Sandpaper can be used in the bottom of a budgie cage to help trim your bird’s claws naturally. The rough texture of sandpaper helps to file down the claws as the bird moves around the cage. However, it is essential to use fine-grain sandpaper and to avoid sandpaper with a rough texture that can cause irritation and injury to your bird’s feet.

Natural Litter

Natural litter such as wood shavings, sawdust, or straw can also be used in the bottom of a budgie cage. They are absorbent, comfortable, and can help control odor. However, it is important to ensure that the litter is clean, free from chemicals, and non-toxic. It is also essential to avoid cedar or pine shavings as they contain phenols that can be harmful to your bird’s respiratory system.

Other Materials to Avoid

There are certain materials that you should avoid using in the bottom of a budgie cage:

  • Cedar or Pine Shavings: These types of shavings contain aromatic oils that can be harmful to your budgie’s respiratory system.
  • Cat litter or Clay-based Products: These materials are not suitable for budgie cages as they can be dusty and may contain chemicals that are harmful if ingested.
  • Sand or Gravel: While budgies enjoy playing with sand or gravel, these materials can cause blockages if ingested and may pose a choking hazard.
  • Newspaper with Toxic Ink: Ensure that the newspaper used is printed with non-toxic ink and does not contain lead, as this can be harmful to your budgie.

How to Clean the Bottom of a Budgie Cage

Cleaning the bottom of a budgie cage is essential to maintain a healthy and hygienic environment for your bird. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to clean the cage:

  1. Remove your budgie from the cage and place it in a safe and secure location.
  2. Empty and dispose of the existing lining material or cage liner.
  3. Thoroughly wash and sanitize the cage tray or bottom grate using mild soap and warm water. Rinse it well to remove any soap residue.
  4. Allow the cage tray or grate to dry completely before placing new lining materials.
  5. Place fresh lining materials in the bottom of the cage. Choose the appropriate material based on your budgie’s needs and preferences.
  6. Return your budgie to the clean cage and ensure it has access to food, water, and toys.
  7. Regularly monitor the cleanliness of the cage and replace the lining materials as needed.

Tips for Maintaining a Healthy and Clean Budgie Cage

Here are some additional tips to help you maintain a healthy and clean budgie cage:

  1. Spot clean daily: Remove any droppings, uneaten food, or debris from the bottom of the cage on a daily basis.
  2. Change lining materials regularly: Replace the lining materials, such as newspaper or cage liners, at least once a week or more frequently if necessary.
  3. Avoid overcrowding: Provide enough space for your budgie to move around comfortably. Overcrowding can lead to increased soiling and difficulty in maintaining cleanliness.
  4. Regularly disinfect the cage: Use bird-safe disinfectants to clean the cage and accessories on a weekly basis. Follow the instructions on the disinfectant label.
  5. Keep food and water dishes clean: Wash the food and water dishes daily to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold.
  6. Provide proper ventilation: Ensure that the cage is placed in a well-ventilated area to minimize odors and promote fresh air circulation.
  7. Monitor your budgie’s health: Regularly observe your budgie for any signs of illness, such as changes in droppings, loss of appetite, or unusual behavior. Seek veterinary attention if necessary.


Ensuring a clean and comfortable bottom of a budgie cage is essential for the overall health and well-being of your feathered friend. By using suitable lining materials and following proper cleaning practices, you can create a hygienic environment that promotes your budgie’s happiness and longevity.

Remember to regularly clean the cage, provide fresh lining materials, and monitor your budgie’s health to ensure a happy and thriving pet.






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